What's the worst that could happen?
I know. It's hard to imagine the new caliphate with a space program capable of building telecommunications satellites much less putting them into orbit. It's even harder imagining them advancing the frontiers in any field of scientific endeavor. On the other hand, the key to that kind of knowledge was found only in western Europe and they didn't get to be the kind of people that went from biplanes to jet fighters and ballistic missiles in 5 years because they were pastoralists in search of a better life.